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Following are a set of P2 options you may wish to implement. No option is perfect for everyone, but sometimes options that have worked at one facility can work at yours. They might also serve as inspiration.

Reviewed Chemical - Distribution Options

Options below have reviewed by pollution prevention specialists. They are commonly recommended and implemented for facilities.

Material Handling Training
Emphasize safe material handling practices when moving product from receiving areas, stocking areas, packing areas, and shipping areas to minimize spills. Train employees to identify expiring product or potential damage from handling.
Stock Rotation
Rotate dated material using the First In First Out (FIFO) principle to reduce out-dated material.
Return of Defaced Labels or Dented Containers
Return defaced labeled or dented containers to vendor for rework or repackaging.
Segregation of Waste
Segregate waste streams between RCRA Hazardous, Non-RCRA, and Universal Waste. Manage each waste stream separately.
Reduce Excess Purchasing
Use purchase records and order information to reduce orders that routinely result in generation of discarded off-spec products.
Chemical Exchange Program
Management of wastes from facilities with multiple labs results in a large number of requests for pick-up and disposal of chemicals that are still usable. Coordinate a chemical exchange program based on the concept that one lab's waste is another lab's usable product.
Container Rinsing
Minimize water volume when rinsing shipping containers and try to capture rinsate for re use.

Unreviewed Options, Use with CautionUnreviewed Chemical - Distribution Options

Options below have not been reviewed by pollution prevention specialists. They are commonly recommended and implemented for facilities.

Customer approved giveaways
Product giveaway program, designed to make use of excess product by giving to charitable organizations, non - profit organizations etc...
Chemical Replacement
Replace some of our binder chemicals with less hazardous chemicals
Chemical Replacement
We are trialing a substitute cyanide free silver plating solution to reduce amount of hazardous chemicals on site.
Line Flushing
off-site cleaning
Reduce Fugitive Releases
Small amounts of fugitive emissions may occur during the blending process. Recapture and recycle these emissions.
Cradle-To-Grave Management of Each Chemical
For each chemical required, we will determine if the task can be completed using a more environmentally friendly chemical. We will also consider other things such as: 1) Can it be a multi-purpose use chemical as opposed to being restricted to just one use/purpose; 2) Will it produce a Haz or Non-Haz waste?; 3) Is it indeed a waste, or can it be recycled?
Minimize Use of Drums for Chemical Additives
Minimizing use of drums prevents pollution by reducing the wasted residual which is not recovered from each chemical additive drum (normally > 1 gal. or 8 lbs.). Since it is not unusual for even a small refinery to use over 200 different chemical additives and potentially over 500 - 1,000 drums in a year, this effort yields significant P2 benefits. Methods normally consisted of requiring chemical vendors to supply chemicals in refillable, containers supplied by vendors.
Vacuum Distillation
Use vacuum distillation to recover water and active ingredients from rinsate. Payback is 2-4 years. You will need to train employees to segregate your products.

Find Options for other processes

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