Southwest P2 InfoSource






Hosted by

Customer Service Division

Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality




MAY 7 - 9, 1997








If you have questions or comments about the content of this report, please contact:


(State Pollution Prevention Coordinator)




This report is also available electronically at our new website:

Resources and Information for Pollution Prevention in the Southwest (RIPPS)





 OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . 3




· ODEQ Initiative: Agency Simplification Efforts . . . . . 5

· Oklahoma Source Water Protection Program . . . . . 6

· Pollution Prevention in Permitting Project (P4) . . . . . 7

· Hazardous Waste Free: An Update from Mercruiser . . . . 7

BREAKOUT SESSIONS . . . . . . . . . 9

· Local Governments . . . . . . . . . 9

· Environmental Education . . . . . . . . 9

· Non-industrial, Oil and Gas . . . . . . . . 10

· Innovative Programs . . . . . . . . . 10


· Oklahoma Awards Presentations . . . . . . . 12

· Texas Awards Nominations and Voting . . . . . . 12


· Chromium Plater . . . . . . . . . 13

· Custom Truck Parts Manufacturer . . . . . . . 13

· Ceramic Tile Manufacturer . . . . . . . . 13

STATE PROGRAM UPDATES . . . . . . . . 14

· Arkansas . . . . . . . . . . . 14

· Louisiana . . . . . . . . . . . 14

· New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . 16

· Oklahoma . . . . . . . . . . 17

· Texas . . . . . . . . . . . 17












The Tulsa Pollution Prevention (P2) Roundtable was another great opportunity to be challenged by ODEQ's progressive Customer Service Division. The Roundtable started and ended powerfully. First, Judy Duncan's warm welcome and inspiring overview of ODEQ's agency simplification initiatives got the ball rolling and it did not stop until the "grand finale"-- Mary Tillman's outstanding report of Mercruiser's impending hazardous-waste free status.

 The Excellence in Pollution Prevention Recognition Reception was a resounding success, thanks to Lt. Governor Mary Fallin, the enthusiastic crowd of award recipients, and the behind-the-scenes coordination by Dianne's staff.

 In the past, Roundtable participants have passively engaged in guided industry tours. While these have been excellent training opportunities, this year's P2 Opportunity Assessments at three Tulsa manufacturers allowed a more interactive learning experience for both P2 coordinators and facility representatives.

 This question has frequently been a topic for Roundtable discussion: "Where does the Roundtable go from here?" The Tulsa Roundtable made some definitive strides in answering this question. Strategies were discussed to achieve greater P2 integration in regulatory programs and to expand Roundtable participation to include a broader base of state agencies and industry representatives within the region. There was synergy around the idea of experimenting with a changed meeting format that would effectively draw a broader base of interest. Ideas were discussed for holding a P2 conference with a call for papers and poster presentation at the Dallas meeting one year from now. Soon after the Tulsa meeting ended, EITT staff, Eli Martinez from EPA, and state coordinators began initial planning for a conference. EITT submitted a proposal for additional funding to EPA, based on feedback received via e-mail from state coordinators. The proposal includes three different scenarios and funding levels. Planning for the conference will continue once EPA decides on an appropriate conference model and level of funding.

 Hats off to Dianne and her staff for another successful Roundtable.


"From this interaction we should all learn things that will help us to go back home and do our jobs better and more effectively. One of the strengths of the P2 Roundtable organization at both the regional and national levels has always been the wonderful opportunities for networking that meetings such as this one provide."

-- Judy Duncan




The Information Clearinghouse Workgroup conducted a regional information needs assessment in November 1995 which resulted in a regional pilot project to develop an information clearinghouse for Roundtable members. In October 1996, the Region 6 Roundtable though Region 6, awarded a $50,000 competitive grant to UTEP to assist the Information Clearinghouse Workgroup: 1) to develop a five year strategic plan for information dissemination in Region 6, 2) to standardize pollution prevention case study formats, and 3) to establish a P2 Web site.

 The initial meeting of the Region 6 Strategic Planning Team was held on March 26-27 in Arlington, Texas at the Environmental Institute for Technology Transfer (EITT). A number of representatives from the Region 6 Pollution Prevention Roundtable attended the meeting including the Texas Manufacturing Assistance Center (El Paso and Arlington), PRO-ACT (a DOD P2 information contractor), City of Ft. Worth, Louisiana DEQ, North Texas Small Business Development Center, Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality, Arkansas Industrial Development Commission, the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission Office of Pollution Prevention and Recycling, TNRCC Small Business Assistance Program, Railroad Commission of Texas, University of Texas at Arlington - EITT, University of Texas Chemical Engineering Department, and University of Texas at El Paso.

 The meeting was facilitated by Lisa Regenstein of the Northeast Waste Management Officials Association (NEWMOA), to assist in the development of the strategic plan. A draft mission statement was presented at the meeting and supported by the participants:


    A Vision to the Future:

    Foster creative and enjoyable partnerships which produce

    and distribute useful information and tools to assist our customers

    to achieve success through sustainable business practices.

The goal of this strategic plan is to support assistance providers information needs in the region and to distribute pollution prevention information to a broader audience. As states/tribes have developed regional expertise in pollution prevention there has been a significant increase in the amount of technical information available, including pollution prevention case studies, innovative technologies, state partnerships, voluntary programs, and technical assistance workshops and training.

 While these successes have been instrumental in promoting pollution prevention, it has also created a problem in sharing, standardizing and accessing information. Each regional partner is developing expertise in pollution prevention that can be transferred to other state and tribal programs. However, there has not been a good mechanism to coordinate this information and make it more widely distributed. In addition, Mexico plays an important role in pollution prevention along the U.S./Mexico border. Region 6 has been active over the past four years to promote P2 along the Texas/Mexico border, including producing P2 case studies for the maquiladoras.

 The workgroup established several themes to develop over the next five years that support the concept of the Southwest Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse. The project would be coordinated by the Region 6 Roundtable (See Appendix B for a project timeline and recommended case study format). The following needs were identified:

 · Establish the Southwest P2 InfoSource Advisory Team to assist with implementing the five year P2 Regional Strategic Information Dissemination Plan.

· Fund a regional network coordinator and on-line librarian to support regional partners information needs.

· Produce an inventory and distribution mechanism for P2 case studies, fact sheets, success stories, vendor information, and other information by Region 6 states/tribes.

· Create partnerships with the National P2 Information Network, other regional P2 information networks, and Mexico.

· Maintain the Resources and Information for Pollution Prevention in the Southwest (RIPPS) web site that can be accessed by industry, government and the public.

· Coordinate regional P2 information training in cooperation with the Region 6 Pollution Prevention Roundtable.



 ODEQ Initiative: Agency Simplification Efforts

Judy Duncan, Director, Customer Service Division, ODEQ

The Pollution Prevention Program in Oklahoma is housed within ODEQ's Customer Assistance Program. When the agency was created in 1993, the Customer Assistance Program was established in response to a legislative mandate to be more responsive to the people of the state. The P2 Program and the Small Business Assistance Program formed the nucleus of the agency's new, customer oriented, approach to environmental regulation.

 In Oklahoma, the DEQ is focusing its resources on a number of initiatives to simplify the processes of environmental regulation. Many of the mechanisms for implementing the various environmental laws are unduly complicated. According to Ms. Duncan, "No one else in the nation has the level of experience that we have in Oklahoma. We have been fortunate to enjoy a stable administration that has been in place for many years. This has given us an opportunity to

be able to look at the processes by which we do our jobs and we believe that we have a responsibility to simplify those processes whenever we can do so."

"We all want to continue to see our environment both protected and improved. However, those of us who have been involved with our current practices for environmental regulation, whether from the side of the regulator or the side of the regulated permittee, believe that our processes are sometimes so complicated as to not even make sense. Certainly, they are often too complicated for the average businessman to understand and determine what he must do to comply."

 One of the first simplification efforts undertaken by DEQ involved the processes by which citizen complaints are received. Next, they looked at the public participation processes for permitting. They developed a uniform three tier process applicable to all permitting activities in the agency. Permit tracking has been used to improve the timeliness of issuing and reviewing permits. Presently, they are developing a fill-in-the-blank application and automated process for review for those permits most frequently issued in each of the media specific programs. The goal is to process all Tier I permits within 30 days, Tier II permits within 60 days, and Tier III permits within 90 days.

 In addition to complaints and permitting processes, ways to simplify determinations of compliance for both the permittee and the agency are being developed. Checklists are being used for permit application review by both the applicant and the reviewer. Outreach is targeted to industrial and municipal sectors in order to help them cut through the red tape, dealing only with those rules that have direct applicability for their operations. Future plans include development of videos that demonstrate "what compliance is and is not" for the most frequently regulated types of activities.


The objective for each of these efforts is to complete the circle of process review by going back to regulations and improving them whenever possible. The initiative, Re-Right and De-Wrong, is oriented towards review and simplification of all ODEQ rules within the coming two years.


The last few years have seen an evolution of the relationship between EPA and the states to work together to implement environmental laws. "Oklahoma and Region 6 have been leaders in using the Performance Partnership Agreement process to better define our cooperative roles," stated Ms. Duncan. ODEQ has

done away with most of their media specific work plans. Instead, they develop an annual FOCUS document based upon DEQ's goals and EPA's priorities for each program. This document delineates what each individual in the agency will do in the coming year to implement those goals and priorities. The FOCUS document then becomes the basis for the work objectives contained in each employee's annual evaluation. In addition, the FOCUS document states what EPA will do to support the state's activities in the coming year.

"Of course, waste reduction is the best simplification process of all and P2 has a proven track record in helping folks understand how to avoid the cost of waste disposal, and sometimes avoid the cost of regulation, by finding ways to produce less waste in the first place." Ms. Duncan stressed the integral role that Pollution Prevention plays in the agency simplification processes. The ideas for change often come from experience gained in working one-on-one with businesses in the P2 program. The P2 and Customer Assistance programs seek input from the regulated public about proposed changes; and these programs train and educate the regulated community about new implemented processes.  


 Evaluation Feedback

Ž Excellent. Good overview of Customer service goals and activities. Encouraging to see someone doing this.

Ž Good overview of DEQ and Customer Services Division. Permit issuance goal is exciting. If this is successful we could be in trouble in Arkansas. Training the consultants is also a great idea.

Ž Ms. Duncan was very gracious. I think that the Customer Assistance Program is an excellent and innovative one, and it is nice to be able to meet many of the key staff.

Oklahoma Source Water Protection Program

Margaret Graham, DEQ Well Head Protection Program

Oklahoma's Source Water Protection Program was the first groundwater program to be approved in this region. Ms. Graham stressed the importance of protecting this valuable resource because groundwater:

· Provides water to 600 community public water supplies.

· Provides water to 1,200 non-community public water supplies.

· Quality impacts 1.2 million Oklahoma citizens.

ODEQ operates a 5-step voluntary program modeled after the Rural Water Association and EPA programs:

Step 1 - Request from system for assistance.

Step 2 - ODEQ staff completes a computer delineation of each well and writes a report for the system.

Step 3 - Physical inventory of delineated area to identify potential contamination sources.

Step 4 - Development of a Management Plan to address all identified potential contamination sources.

Step 5 - Development of a Contingency Plan for the system which addresses system vulnerability and resource allocations.


Most of Oklahoma's Public Water supply wells are located in rural locations. The wellhead program works with 126 public water supply systems at some stage of plan development. Final plans are "accepted" by DEQ and shared with other agencies having some type of environmental responsibilities. Maps of delineated wellhead areas are then provided to these other agencies.


Evaluation Feedback

Ž Interesting. Similar to what Louisiana has. Excellent program.

Ž Good presentation.

Ž Impressive project which will have many environmental benefits. The presentation was excellent.

Pollution Prevention in Permitting Project (P4)

IMATION Enterprises, presented by Dianne Wilkins, ODEQ

P4 is a partnership between industry and government. Additionally, P4 demonstrates the value of partnerships between industry and governments in promoting P2 and proactive environmental management strategies that support a company’s economic viability while maintaining a high standard of environmental protection. Recognizing that there are regulatory barriers to P2, government is faced with motivating industry to promote P2. The P4 permit will incorporate both P2 and flexibility.


IMATION was chosen for this pilot project because of their good record in both compliance and pollution prevention. A flexible Title V permit will allow IMATION to pursue additional opportunities for P2; perhaps to make "new discoveries." So far the following ideas have been discussed:

· A possible facility-wide cap on emissions.

· Plant-wide Applicability Limit (PAL).

· How does a P2 program at the facility ‘fit’ with the permit? Enforceable within the permit? Attached to the permit?

· Pre-approved changes.

· Monitoring & reporting

· Classifying P2 improvement as a best available control technology (BACT).


Evaluation Feedback

Ž Great presentation, Dianne. I got a lot here.

Ž No reps. from Imation. Interesting discussion, but I need to see how a model P4 permit is innovative in fact, not just procedurally.

Ž The permitting need for flexibility versus P2 raised interesting regulatory issues and perhaps a method to market P2. I hope that we can hear an update later.

Hazardous Waste Free: An Update from Mercruiser

Mary Tillman, Environmental Engineer

 Top management support is strong at Mercruiser. Funding has never been a problem because Ms. Tillman only asks for changes with a one-year payback or

less. Emissions destruction equipment is the only investment they have made without a hard dollar payback. Building on many successes in waste reduction over the last five years, Mercruiser and Ms. Tillman have adopted a new challenge:


How do you make a facility this size totally hazardous waste free?

Mercruiser is out of the hazardous waste landfill business and will be able to dry up their discharge to the city wastewater stream in August. Mercruiser's last hazardous waste stream is chrome-laden wastewater. The chrome can be recovered on-site, but there is not enough volume to make a profit selling the chrome residue. Instead, Ms. Tillman has contracted with a Minnesota company that utilizes ionic exchange in activated carbon to recover 100 percent of the chrome. Mercruiser rents the canisters and manifests the hazardous waste for shipment. The cost is an even tradeoff to disposal, but indirect cost savings include less management costs. Since nothing goes to the landfill, there is no future long-term liability. Ms. Tillman listed some of the crucial elements that have allowed Mercruiser to be virtually hazardous waste free:

· Set criteria of what you are capable of doing and what you are allowed to do. The Product Engineering Division has been the hardest to convince. If a recommended product changeover is the same cost as the old product, then she can negotiate a change. The impact on quality is also important--the change must improve or at least maintain product quality.

· Fight battles that can be won, then build on success. Save the harder battles for later when more people are on board.

· Demonstrate success with hard numbers. Any change needs to meet a test of either yielding an improvement or be at least as good as before. Getting a check in the mail is an indisputable number. For example, a program of segregating materials yielded a big return and this profit is indisputable progress.

· Continually track products and processes to look for ways to save money through substitutions. All appropriations go across Ms. Tillman's desk for her recommendations. After design changes are implemented by R&D, it is necessary to educate vendors to get them to understand the innovations. A "Request to Add New Chemical" form, accompanied by the MSDS, gathers who-where-when-how-why information about the proposed chemical. The lab manager is given tentative approval to use new chemicals, then a permanent green tag is given once the chemical has been approved.

· Use the MSDS list as a P2 guide. Determine a strategy for attacking this guide: by department, by disposal category or by manufacturer.

· Grow a recycling culture from the floor up by utilizing a facility-wide team concept. A recent newsletter article reported a reduction of 14,067 pounds of air emissions due to recycling efforts. Mercruiser's Recycle Awareness Team focuses their reports on non-dollar measurements: trees saved, energy saved, gallons of water, cubic yards of landfill, pounds of air pollution, etc. Mercruiser has a hand-fed bailer to recycle cardboard that yields four to five 1,000 pound bails per shift. Ms. Tillman has submitted a proposal for a new $184,000 bailer with a 5-year direct payback (estimated annual yield: 30 to 40,000 dollars). Indirect paybacks include an estimated cost avoidance of about $200,000/year, while the self-loading feature will reduce associated labor costs by two-thirds.

Q & A:  

Mercruiser business cards include this mission statement on the back: We will design and produce our product in an environmentally friendly manner. Ms. Tillman's challenge to employees is:

"Live it or remove it."

 Q: "Does upper management choke when you go to them with a request for a $200,000 check for a bailer?"

A: "Yes. Environmental management is not a value-added project at all. I must be able to show without a doubt that my projects do what I claim they will do."

Q: "How do you get top management support?"

A: "Build alliances; start with waste streams and MSDSs; get some key people on board, then start working on cost savings; then demonstrate the cost savings and you’re in demand."

Q: "Given these substantial savings, are the costs of the product coming down?"

A: "We’d like to see that, if we get competition in the market--like Honda--they have funding that they could under price their product for a couple of years, so we have to be prepared for product cost reductions."

Q: "Where do you get resources?"

A: "Universities--turn graduate students loose on projects; national laboratories; EPA; look at other industry case studies that use the same raw materials. The DOE website is a good place to get information from the national labs. Once you get a contact at an organization, these people are always willing to help."


Evaluation Feedback

Ž Very good.


Ž Excellent speaker! Innovative programs.



Kudos to ODEQ Customer Service..."Dianne can sometimes quote my numbers better than I can. It's definitely a joint success."


Local Governments

Conrad Soltero, Recorder

City of Tulsa employees voiced their concern about EPA using P2 as a performance measurement criteria for industrial pretreatment facilities. An industry representative suggested that this is a backdoor method of enforcement without federal legislation. Basing evaluations of publicly-owned treatment works (POTWs) on what kind of P2 mechanisms are in place can lead to stronger municipal ordinances for local industry. This, in effect, changes P2 from voluntary to enforced. From the industry representative's standpoint, uncertainty about potential changes in local ordinances that develop indirectly from EPA performance evaluation questionnaires are difficult to plan for. The POTW employees were unclear about what EPA expected them to do to demonstrate that they have P2 mechanisms in place. Does EPA want them to initiate education programs or enforce P2 through local ordinances? In summary, there is a need for EPA to clearly define requests--to indicate what it is that they want the POTWs to do.


Environmental Education

Pat Gallagher, Recorder

This group engaged in a brainstorming session to get the issues out on the table. Some proposed projects for the Region 6 Roundtable are:

1. Update bibliography (current EITT project) by suggesting/reviewing materials, which could then be put on the website.

2. Develop workshop for teachers. Videotape the workshop for regionwide use. This could be done as part of roundtable meeting or as a satellite conference. This workshop would yield materials and lesson plans.

3. Connect education programs with "In Concert With the Environment" program to disseminate useful tools.

4. Develop contact list for Design for the Environment's PETE--a nonprofit program that works with community colleges to develop Design for the Environment curriculum. It would be useful to develop a within region list of community colleges that are part of PETE. The regional coordinator is at Lamar University. There might be money available to develop some modules. The Roundtable may want to think about having the regional contact for PETE give a presentation at a future meeting.

5. Invite teachers who have received an environmental education grant make presentations at a Roundtable meeting. There is no specific P2 criteria in grants, but P2 comes from what they teach about.

  "It is extremely important to integrate P2 in environmental education," asserted Pat Gallagher.
Frank Anderson relayed, "...there is a tremendous interest now in the Regional Office. This is the first time that EPA has taken such an interest in environmental education." He suggested that Jerry Clifford, Deputy Administrator for Region 6, be invited to speak to the Roundtable.



Non-industrial (Oil, Gas and Agriculture)

Larry Fiddler, Recorder

Mr. Fiddler clarified that oil and gas is actually the largest industry in Oklahoma, so the title--at least for Oklahoma--is a misnomer. The workgroup determined that oil and gas and agricultural industries need a mechanism for better communication and exchange of ideas that will link established P2 programs with new and/or evolving programs. E-mail communication is a good starting place to establish a network.

An educational priority for the ag. industry is watershed planning to improve drinking water quality before the water reaches the treatment plant. In oil and gas, education initiatives need to take into account that most of the P2 programs are going to be economically motivated. Producers want to be a good guy, but they need to be shown the economic benefits tied to waste minimization. For example, in Oklahoma, there are five to six barrels of saltwater extracted for each barrel of oil produced. A new technique has been developed that separates oil and gas underground, leaving the saltwater below surface. This procedure eliminates 99 percent of the risk. Through education, operators can be shown that subsurface separation is a real alternative that can save them money.

Innovative Approaches

Dianne Wilkins, Recorder


Even though the 'polluter pays' concept is a valid disincentive, tying agency funding to fines also produces a disincentive to reduce pollution. In Louisiana, the public wants to get more people into the regulated process because lot of facilities, small- Patrick Devillier related, "When funding is tied to status quo activities, you’re going to get the status quo. In Louisiana, industries remind us all the time where our bread and butter is coming from."

and medium-sized, don’t have permits. They need a general appropriation of funds to do what they want to do instead of concentration of fees to do what they have to do (i.e., focus on already permitted industry). Fee structures are end-of-pipe. If the focus is on materials use, then shift the fees up in the process. Will this result in pre-production taxation? a tax incentive to reduce waste? or make facilities more efficient in use? A phase shift in thinking is needed in order to yield an innovative approach.

 Some ways to bring about a phase shift in thinking were discussed. Yielding innovative approaches in order to reach the goal of superior environmental performance may depend on addressing the following needs:

· Stakeholder education so that everybody knows what we’re trying to achieve.

· An innovative education approach to deal with facilities who don’t know their waste costs.

· Education within agencies to bring about a phase shift away from the direct connection between pollution fines and agency salaries that is part of "the polluter pays" funding approach.

· A change in agency structure to eliminate turf battles between media programs, so that they are structured by function rather than media-specific concerns.

· More cross-media coordination, including education about, and better use of, supplemental environmental projects (SEPs) in lieu of fines.

· A changing agency culture that incorporates a persistent P2 training program. Two primary training needs are a uniform training module, "Intro. to P2" for new employees and ongoing P2 training for management officials, using an external trainer.

Dianne Wilkins spoke about the need for more awareness and inter-agency coordination on SEPs: "If agency personnel don’t know what it is, they can’t use it."   Gerald Nehman offered the economic standpoint: "It is in the interest of non-profits to educate firms and promote SEPs to get funding for their projects. There is a potential PR benefit for firms in utilizing a SEP to offset a negative."









Al Drinkwater questioned the ethics of allowing a polluter to capitalize on a SEP. "We're talking about changing the structure where a company can get more gain, but not less money spent for the fine--by improving their process."   Mary Tillman provided this example: A small business person faced a fine for not submitting a tier report and opted for a SEP, which required that he pay travel expenses for the Local Environmental Planning Committee (LEPC). The SEP, which was not publicized, required him to attend LEPC meetings for two years. "In the process, this man became one of the most valuable members on the LEPC."




Oklahoma Awards Presentations

Dianne Wilkins and Oklahoma Lt. Governor Mary Fallin

The "Excellence in Pollution Prevention Recognition Reception" was held at the Tulsa Technology Training Center, featuring Dianne Wilkins and Oklahoma Lieutenant Governor, Mary Fallin. Awards were enthusiastically presented and received amidst a standing room-only crowd of industry award winners, nominees, and Roundtable members. In addition to the Roundtable awards, Oklahoma's Target 98 awards were presented to twelve companies who helped Oklahoma meet their goal of 16 million pounds in Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) reductions four years early (the 1998 goal was met in 1994). Several of the awardees brought an entourage of employees, family and friends to share in the celebration. One highlight of the evening was the high interest--and occasional "hamming it up"--during "photo ops" with Lt. Governor Fallin. Region 6 Pollution Prevention Excellence Awardees are listed below.

· The winner in the large manufacturing category was Dayton Tire, Oklahoma City. Webco Industries, Sand Springs, OK, was recognized as a nominee.

· The winner in the small manufacturing category was VAC Corporation, Oklahoma City. Empire Castings, Tulsa, was recognized as a nominee.

· The agricultural winner was Greenleaf Nurseries, based in Park Hill, OK, with operations in Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana.

· The oil and gas award went to Amoco Production Co., Wilburton, OK. Oxy USA, Inc., Tulsa, was recognized as a nominee.

· Metropolitan Environmental Trust, Tulsa, was the public/non-profit winner.

· In the public government category, Tinker AFB was given an award for their base-wide P2 activities. The city of Gymond was given an award for their land application of treated wastewater.

One-page case studies of each award-winning organization are available at ODEQ's website: www.deq.state.ok.us.


"Environmental protection

mixes hand in hand with economic development,"

stated Lt. Gov. Fallin.

Texas Awards Nominations and Voting

(Submitted post-conference by Ken Zarker, TNRCC, on behalf of the Awards Nomination Committee)

The Roundtable will present the following awards at the fall meeting in Texas:

Agriculture: U.S. Agriculture Recycling/Agricultural Container Research Council

Civic/Non-Profit: San Angelo Friends of the Environment

Government: Texas Department of Criminal Justice

Small Business: Precision Clean Piping

Innovative Technology: Safe Seal Company

Large Business: Sanden Company




Participants engaged in one of three P2 opportunity assessment visits at local industries, made recommendations and discussed their findings with plant representatives. Visits were made to a chromium plating firm, a custom truck parts manufacturer/truck assembler and a ceramic tile manufacturer. P2 opportunities for each facility are summarized below.


Chromium Plater

The P2 opportunity focus was wastewater for this processor of hard and decorative chrome-plated products. It was determined that the facility could benefit substantially from a detailed audit of their process and waste disposal practices. A lack of understanding about the existing wastewater control system was detected by the Roundtable team. Specific opportunities for improvement are:

· Counter current rinse.

· Deionization-make up water.

· Regeneration of plating bath.

· Segregation of hazardous and non-hazardous sludge.

· Water metric-normalized to production.

· Maintenance practices.

· Aqueous wash/degrease.

· Time rack movement.

· Hazardous waste containment.

· Reduction of water flow in hard chrome division.

· Operator training.


Custom Truck Parts Manufacturer

This company manufactures truck parts and assembles a wide array of custom trucks. Selling replacement parts to their customers is their main source of revenue. Four issues were determined to be P2 priorities:

· Waste segregation.

· Water reduction.

· Paint process improvement

· Management support, including employee involvement/training, incentive programs and getting management buy-in.

Ceramic Tile Manufacturer

The main waste stream at this facility is scrap tile. Reducing scrap depends on making process improvements that improve quality control. Two suggestions were made to improve product quality:

· Implement computer data acquisition system to better control glazing and kiln operations.

· Install machine vision system.

Other P2 opportunities include:

· Incorporate P2 in new employee training.

· Develop a P2 team that includes line personnel in order to earmark high production costs (e.g., water, energy) and to investigate P2 opportunities that could bring about greater efficiency in these areas of concern.

· Look for ways to demonstrate link between workers compensation costs and P2.



"This is a great addition

to our agenda. Let's keep doing this (environmental audits)," suggests Al Drinkwater.





Al Drinkwater

The Arkansas Industrial Development Commission, Westark Community College, the Arkansas Science and Technology Authority, and the Arkansas Manufacturers Extension Network have developed a draft pollution prevention curriculum outline that will be used for training the Network field engineers, the Vocational Education Division’s Industrial Coordinators, and various Network partners. The curriculum is designed to provide a basic knowledge of pollution prevention concepts. It is offered to manufacturing facilities both as a productivity enhancement, and as an alternative and additional method for obtaining improved environmental performance.

Specific measures in the curriculum include

· Pollution Prevention Awareness,

· Environmental Accounting,

· Economics of Waste Prevention,

· Housekeeping, Maintenance and Inventory Practices That Promote Pollution Prevention,

· Team Building for Pollution Prevention,

· Pollution Prevention Resources,

· Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments, and

· Environmental Requirements That Relate to Pollution Prevention.

Other specific training will be added relating to cleaning and degreasing, stripping, plating, coating, water conservation and energy conservation as the field engineers indicate a need for such specific training.

As a part of the training, a series of pollution prevention opportunity assessments will be conducted by the Network field engineers and other training participants. These audits will be done in manufacturing facilities that volunteer to participate in the training program. An assessment report will be prepared for each facility with recommendations and projected economic impact associated with those recommendations.

A follow-up visit with each plant that participates in the training project will be conducted by the Arkansas Industrial Development Commission from six to 12 months after the reports are completed. Each plant will be evaluated to determine which recommendations were acted upon and which were not. Information will be gathered from the plant management about the reasons recommendations were, and were not, implemented.

Case studies will then be written regarding processes that were changed in accordance with the recommendations provided in the opportunity assessment reports. The case studies will be provided to the Southwest Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse. Information regarding the plant management’s perception of the pollution prevention opportunity assessment and its value will be provided to the Network which will allow it to modify pollution prevention services to better serve its customers in the future.


Patrick Devillier

The pollution prevention ethic has made very few inroads into Louisiana’s public environmental management (regulatory) practices. So far LDEQ has no written policy encouraging P2 approaches in permitting or enforcement policies of the Air, Water, and Solid-Hazardous Waste programs despite attempts through a multi-media policy committee. The agency believes its primary concern is protecting public health and environment by 1) negotiating enforceable contracts with facilities and businesses in compliance with state and national environmental performance standards, 2) encouraging voluntary waste reduction beyond compliance through waste/emission fees and achievement recognition programs, and 3) supporting technical and compliance assistance outreach programs. Unless regulations call for using a specific technology (such as a MACT standard), facilities are free to choose the most practical and economical ways to meet compliance requirements (characterized as either source reduction, recycling, treatment or disposal) that they see fit to implement. Some media program administrators and employees have plainly said they have more than enough mandated work to do without becoming trained P2 advocates. There is a strong waste reduction statute on the books, passed under a previous (and very pro-environmental) state administration, directing the LDEQ Secretary to "establish waste reduction as an issue of primacy for the department . . . " and "to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations . . . for the reduction of the amount of waste generation in Louisiana . . ." Very little attempt has ever been made to implement this law under subsequent state administrations. The current multi-media committee wants to amend the statute (Act 657) to remove these directives.

Our strategy as P2 advocates within the agency is to press DEQ’s executive management for a written policy favoring source reduction. From there we can negotiate specifics on how proactive agency representatives can be in their duties. It will fall to us, no doubt, to craft meaningful training materials/curriculum and convenient P2 communication tools for use in agency-customer contacts. There is a strong possibility this agency may be re-aligned into service groups instead of media offices which might make P2 philosophy integration easier once the reorganization dust settles.

Pollution prevention progress in the private sector continues despite the lack of regulatory preferment from LDEQ. Our LA Environmental Leadership Program just held its first Governor’s Awards program, and the membership has posted some impressive reduction statistics (see attached letter from Director Harry Freeman and the reduction goals database summary). One of the Environmental advocates on our Leadership steering committee threatened to resign due to perceived lack of real leadership progress beyond simple achievement recognition. The committee majority conceded this was true, but emphasized that in these beginning stages the first members would naturally be established environmental leaders with significant past reductions and already established future goals.

The Director, Harry Freeman, wants to stay another year beyond his July contract termination, but only if he can justify an IPA extension with EPA. To that end, the committee is discussing details on where to take ELP from here and what the Director should accomplish to make his continuance worthwhile.

0Dr. Al Knecht of the Louisiana Technical Assistance Program could not provide an update of his work due to a serious illness requiring surgery. He is now recovering at home.

We are currently submitting PPIS grant proposals to continue these programs and for a pilot implementation of the National Environmental Leadership Program (similar to Texas’ Clean Industries Plus). Hugh Finklea, retired Environmental Specialist for Ciba-Geigy (now Novartis), will head up the latter project.

The Louisiana Green Challenge program for environmentally clean small businesses now has 27 members statewide, including the Kean’s chain of dry cleaners. We recently attended the grand opening of Kean’s latest state-of-the-art dry cleaning plant in Baton Rouge, a very impressive facility with not the slightest odor of PERC.

LDEQ is sponsoring a bill in the current legislative session entitled "Regulatory Innovations Programs" (copy attached). This is our attempt to make performance agreements pursuant to project XL legally acceptable. Until such a law is passed by both the Feds and the state, anyone not party to a performance agreement could sue to block implementation if it negates or supersedes another existing law. We believe that by making flexibility a legal option to one-size-fits-all rules, facilities will be encouraged to offer enforceable compliance alternatives that also deliver superior environmental performance that is acceptable to stakeholders. Two Louisiana facilities are currently negotiating XL projects that offer to do source reduction beyond compliance in exchange for not having to comply with other (expensive) rules that deliver minimal environmental benefit. LDEQ likes these projects but cannot legally endorse circumventing EPA’s rules (which were adopted from the federal code as required for state delegation of media programs).


"From our perspective, the greatest obstacle to EPA’s reinvention initiatives is EPA itself." --Patrick Devillier

 The success of innovative performance agreements hinges first upon passage of this state bill and second upon either Congress passing similar legislation or EPA’s willingness to write facility-specific rules (which Louisiana cannot constitutionally do yet). We believe that allowing performance agreements would greatly stimulate pollution prevention. We are also carefully watching a dispute between EPA’s Fred Hansen and ECOS on this very issue.

Dr. Knecht of UNO has conducted several more P2 opportunity assessments for the POTW pretreatment programs around the state pursuant to a grant which may be extended another year. According to Ronnie Bean of the Office of Water Resources at LDEQ, such assessments will become SOP for pretreatment programs per EPA’s guidance.

Nonpoint Source programs are doing well with 12 more projects approved and budgeted for the ‘97 - ‘98 operating year. According to Jan Boydstun, new work will be based on an extensive review of Best Management Practices in agriculture performed for the Chancellor of the LSU Agricultural Center. The review report covers commodities such as cotton, dairy, forestry, rice, sugarcane, soybeans, ornamentals-floriculture, sweet potatoes, swine, etc. Jan’s group recently reported an impressive success with lowering fecal coliform levels in the Tangipahoa river basin caused by untreated sewage runoff from numerous farms, communities, and private residences. The Tangipahoa, once a very popular canoeing and tubing river, was effectively closed to primary and secondary public recreation by an LDEQ/LDHH health advisory in 1988. Since then, 125 farmers agreed to install no-discharge treatment systems (lagoons), and several communities with poor-to-none sewage treatment installed appropriate systems (7,882 new home units alone in Tangipahoa parish). See the attached report (minus the color glossy maps and tables) for more details.

LDEQ has agreed to contribute case history reports (in-kind match services) as a partner in a Region 6 P2 information resource center.


New Mexico

Pat Gallagher

Green Zia Program. The Green Zia Program is a voluntary program with the goal of supporting and recognizing New Mexico businesses that go beyond compliance with regulations and achieve environmental excellence through P2. In most cases, businesses that implement P2 programs save money. P2 is a win-win situation for the economy and the environment. The program is currently under development and is funded by a federal start-up grant. The goal is to provide a framework to support New Mexico businesses in achieving environmental excellence. Players in this program include:

· Industry/Business

· State and Local Government Agencies

· Environmental Groups

· Federal Facilities

· Private Consultants

· Trade Associations

· General Public

· Tribes

 The program consists of three elements:

· Industry Network is comprised of representatives from industry, business, trade association, environmental groups, government facilities and others who are interested in promoting environmental excellence through P2. The focus of this group will be on business and industry. This network will provide a forum for sharing ideas, mentoring other businesses, outreach to communities, training opportunities and general support for the Green Zia Program.

· Green Zia Recognition Program provides recognition to businesses that achieve environmental excellence through P2. The program will have several levels of participation including a Governor's Award. The program involves training and certification of Green Zia assessors who conduct P2 opportunity assessments of businesses. Businesses with approved assessments enter the Green Zia Program and receive use of the Green Zia logo, public recognition and other incentives.

· Green Zia Resource Center will provide businesses with one-stop access to pollution prevention technical assistance in New Mexico. The Center can provide technical information to help businesses with compliance and P2 questions. The Center will also provide referral services to other state technical assistance providers to help meet businesses' needs.


Dianne Wilkins

Pollution Prevention in Permitting Project (P4)

DEQ is currently involved in an innovative partnership with EPA Region 6 and IMATION Corporation. The objective of the project is the development of a model Title V operating permit which will allow the facility to pursue pollution prevention strategies without having to modify the permit (often a time consuming activity).

P2 Advisory Committee

A P2 Advisory Committee has been established. This is an eight person committee that will provide external input and guidance for the growth and development of the P2 program as the program seeks to achieve the goals of Senate Bill 956 and agency environmental goals.

Case Studies

The information provided by facilities in Excellence in P2 has been used to develop one-page case studies. The case studies, Pollution Prevention in Oklahoma, are being published for publication. The highlighted facilities are:

* Empire Castings

* Greenleaf Nursery Co.

* VAC Corporation

* WEBCO Industries

* Dayton Tire

* Amoco Production Co.

* OXY USA Inc.

* Tinker Air Force Base

* Vance Air Force Base

* The City of Guymon



Profiting from Waste Reduction. Through an on-going partnership with the Oklahoma Alliance for Manufacturing Excellence and the Oklahoma Department of Vocational Technical Education a series of workshops are being hosted at 10 sites across the state.

Environomis - A New Language for Business. With the Oklahoma Recycling Association we hosted a two-day conference in March. There were approximately 90 attendants and 15 exhibitors.

Public Education with the Oklahoma Water Environment Association

Several ideas are being explored for joint education project.

Opportunity Assessments

Presently we complete an average of 2 on-site opportunity assessments per week. Facilities include: metal fabricating, food processing, electroplating, and printed circuit boards.



Railroad Commission of Texas - Oil and Gas Division Waste Minimization Program

Paul Whitehead

The Railroad Commission's Waste Minimization Program continues to assist oil and gas operators in their waste minimization efforts. The main activities of the program since the last roundtable meeting are as follows:

· The program has been gearing up for the waste minimization workshops which will begin in June. The workshops will be targeted towards specific areas of operation. There will be 10 workshops given at five locations across the state. We have been developing training materials to be used in the operation specific workshops. We will also be presenting waste minimization to participants in four water protection seminars given by the Commission.

· The WasteMin computer program is being updated to make it more user-friendly. We will add additional references to the database and in the fall, will have the first updated version numbered 1.1.

· A Railroad Commission of Texas website has been developed with a Waste Minimization page. We have loaded our newsletters and a program summary. We also posted a call for nominations for the P2 Roundtable awards.

· The waste minimization program is in the early stages of developing a produced water bank at the Commission. The produced water bank will be designed to assist operators in minimizing the use of fresh water for enhanced recovery operations. The produced water bank will also support operators in their efforts to reduce waste by providing a resource where they may find produced water for enhanced recovery which is otherwise disposed of.

· We continue to assist oil and gas operators through waste minimization manual distribution, newsletter publication, the web page, and technical assistance provided to operators by phone and fax.

Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA)

Mark Johnson

A technical paper was presented at the 19th Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference in Houston as part of LCRA's ongoing P2 efforts. The paper documented LCRA's efforts to evaluate, screen and pilot test electrotechnologies that would prevent the generation of greenhouse gas emissions. Currently the LCRA is pilot testing a neural-network technology which appears to have the ability to prevent CO2 emissions by more than 1 percent. The conference was attended by many utility and energy sector industries.

In another area, the LCRA is in the process of transferring it's internal P2 expertise to its customers. LCRA previewed a short P2 marketing video at the Roundtable. The video is designed to help market LCRA's services. The video was actually developed, directed, produced and edited by students of the University of Texas at Austin’s LBJ School of Public Affairs. LCRA helped design a curriculum for the school so that students could learn about P2 and, in turn, help LCRA with its efforts.


Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission Office of Pollution Prevention and Recycling (OPPR)

Ken Zarker

Green Habitat. Texas Recycles Day 1997 will feature a Habitat Home that will include recycled content material as part of a partnership with the Austin Habitat for Humanity and Home Depot. Volunteers from the TNRCC will be helping to build the home. Other major donors have also contributed to Texas Recycles Day including, H.E.B. Grocery Company, Texas Instruments and Sea World of Texas have all committed to donating a prize for the pledge card drive.

30% Reduction Reported by CLEAN INDUSTRIES 2000. New calculations show that from 1987 to 1994 CLEAN INDUSTRIES 2000 members reduced TRI releases from 204 million pounds to 144 million pounds, a decrease of 29.4 percent. A total of 210 participants attended the 1997 CLEAN INDUSTRIES 2000 event held at the Wyndham Greenspoint in Houston on March 17. A total of 16 new facilities entered the voluntary hazardous waste/TRI reduction program, bringing the total number of facilities participating to 163, including 65 in the Greater Houston area. New members ranged from specialty manufacturers with 16 employees to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration with 15,000 employees.

Community TRI. The OPPR held its second Toxic Release Inventory Community Workshop at Rice University in Houston. The purpose of the workshop was to educate citizens on the use and interpretation of the TRI, and to provide hands-on computer training on how to access the TRI data via computer. Attendees were also given a set of Internet "bookmarks" that can be used to access relevant TRI information from the Internet. The event attracted citizens, educational professionals, and representatives from the Houston Public Library, Sierra Club, Galveston Bay Foundation, GHASP, Citizens* Environmental Coalition, League of Women Voters, and CLEAN INDUSTRIES members.

Maquiladoras Report P2 Gains. The latest results from the joint OPPR/ Mexican Attorney General for the Environment Site Assistance Visits to selected maquiladoras along the Texas border in 1995-1996 reveal the results: six participating maquiladoras voluntarily reduced their hazardous waste generation by 7,009 tons; nonhazardous waste generation by 14,445 tons; conserved 4.5 million gallons of water and 5.3 million kilowatt hours of electricity; and saved $4 million in avoided disposal costs and material savings. EPA Region 9 has requested information on the Texas border site assistance visits to share with the environmental agencies of California and Arizona, which are in the process of developing cross-border programs to work with the maquiladora industry based on OPPR's model.

Stakeholders Get Focus. The Combined Uniform Report for the Environment (CURE) project staff expect to begin holding focus groups in May to identify environmental information needs as part of the consolidated environmental reporting project. The stakeholder groups include the general public, communities, environmental and public health representatives, businesses, workers, senior management at computers and electronics facilities; and federal, state and local government officials.

70 % Reduction in WRPA. OPPR completed the streamlining of the Waste Reduction Policy Act annual progress report. Staff worked closely with the Waste Reduction Advisory Council (WRAC) and the Texas Chemical Council's Pollution Prevention Subcommittee to enhance the required pollution prevention annual report. The workgroup reduced the four page annual report down to two pages and the data elements were reduced by 70 percent.

Mexico P4. Forty Mexican federal, state, and local officials participated in a Permanent Pollution Prevention Program (P4) training in Monterey, Mexico on January 27-29. The event was for officials from the Mexican states of Nuevo Leon and Coahuila. It was held in fulfillment of commitments made during a meeting of the TNRCC and the state ecology departments of the four Mexican states bordering Texas, as well as activities called for under the Border XXI agreement between the United States and Mexico. The event featured a demonstration of on-site pollution prevention technical assistance at Hysla, a steel mill, and Acumuladores Mexicanos, a battery manufacturer. The project was funded by an EPA grant.

Catch a Rising STAR. CLEAN TEXAS STAR now has over 3,000 participating sites across Texas resulting in over 310 community environmental projects. CTS members projects include drop-off centers, school environmental programs, Keep Texas Beautiful programs, Corporate Recycling Programs, beach clean-ups, and agricultural pesticide collection events.

Downlink for Businesses. Staff concluded a pilot project with several Small business Development Centers through the P2 for Business teleconference held at 16 remote sites across Texas. A video of the teleconference will be available upon request for distribution at a later date. OPPR is following up on this video conference with discussions with the Bill Priest Institute and the Small Business Assistance Program regarding two short training videos on pollution prevention and compliance.

P2 for Undergraduate Engineers. The University of Texas Pan American completed the draft of a pollution prevention textbook for undergraduate engineers that was prepared in cooperation with OPPR and funded by an EPA grant. The text, intended for use by engineering students in NAFTA countries, includes case studies from key industries in EPA's Common Sense Initiative, since the industrial mix in the initiative is very similar to the distribution of manufacturers in the maquiladora industry. The text was written by professors from Canada, the United States, and Mexico, with the assistance of TNRCC doctorate level staff. Classroom tests of the draft textbook are planned at universities across North America during the coming year.


Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center

Margaret Aycock

In August 1996, the Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center was awarded a Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Program 1 grant from EPA Region 6. This grant, "Pollution Prevention Assistance Program for Small Businesses: A Case Study in the Golden Triangle Area" will assist small businesses in the Golden Triangle Area of Southeast Texas (Beaumont, Port Arthur, and Orange) to access pollution prevention and other environmental information on the Internet, through other electronic resources, pollution prevention videotapes, and other print materials being collected by the Gulf Coast Environmental Library. The faculty at the Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center will conduct a case study of steps that enable three small businesses to affect pollution prevention techniques learned from Internet information and site visits.

To date, four Internet training classes have been offered in Beaumont at the Mary and John Gray Library, at Lamar University, and at the Orange Electronic Commerce Resource Center in Orange. Forty-one small business people have received training. Future Internet training classes will be scheduled through the conclusion of the grant period which is October 1, 1997.

The Gulf Coast Environmental Library homepage (http://www.gcel.lamar.edu) is being developed. The GCEL homepage will be linked to the existing website for the Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center, to the existing Environmental Library Electronic Bulletin Board System, and to related P2 and environmental websites.

The Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center homepage and Gulf Coast Environmental Library homepage will both be searchable with the search engine, Excite, when completed. Titles and abstracts from past Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center project reports will be keyword searchable on the website. Many of the reports from previous studies involve P2 issues.

The Gulf Coast Environmental Library has purchased videotapes, newsletters, and books related to environmental Internet training and P2 with funds from the PPIS grant. The library is also actively acquiring documents related to P2. EPA-funded masters theses will be cataloged and housed in the Gulf Coast Environmental Library. Other preliminary and final proposals and studies related to P2 have been indexed in a computer data bank at the Center.

Ms. Aycock became PPIS grant manager in mid-December, 1996. She has spoken about Internet training and P2 resources to groups such as the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission Small Business Advisory Committee, and the Southeast Texas Environmental Managers Association. The PPIS Internet training was featured on a local television news program.

Ms. Aycock has visited all of the Chambers of Commerce in the area and spoken to their directors. She has also visited all of the public libraries in the three counties in Golden Triangle Area of Southeast Texas. Letters and brochures were mailed to all public libraries, university libraries, and member libraries of the Texas State University System, and Southeast Texas Library Consortium libraries.

Despite announcements at Internet training classes and other publicity, no small businesses have yet demonstrated an interest in allowing site visits from the Center and TNRCC's OPPR. During the next few weeks, Ms. Aycock plans to visit small businesses in the area including minority-owned businesses, women-owned businesses, and those in rural areas to educate them about P2 opportunities and resources of the Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center Technology Transfer Program and the Gulf Coast Environmental Library.

A graduate student with statistical analysis training has been hired to help devise a survey which will be distributed to small businesses in the area. It is hoped that responses from this survey will assist EPA Region 6 in developing effective ways to reach out to small businesses to involve them in the regulatory process and to educate them about existing P2 regulations and EPA small business assistance programs.




Michele Russo reported recent activities and upcoming events for the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR). The 1997 Spring Conference held in Denver attracted 600 participants. NPPR has recently completed the design phase of their Material Accounting Project, a cooperative effort with the Business Roundtable, funded by the Joyce Foundation. A recent publication, Planning Guide & Compendium of Activities highlights National Pollution Prevention Week by giving summaries of P2 programs across the country.

NPPR's P2 Information Network (PPIN) (http://es.inel.gov/nppr) contains a new link to NPPR's Information and Technology Transfer Project Management Site. Abridged versions of publications and complete position papers are also available at the site. A new toll-free hotline for P2 assistance is: 1-888-PIK-P2P2 (1-888-745-7272). The hotline is staffed Tuesday through Thursday from 11AM to 4PM EST.

NPPR upcoming events include:

· Senate Briefing on "P2 Innovations" held May 16, 1997. This event is sponsored by Senators Jeffords (R-VT), Kerry (D-MA), Lautenberg (D-NJ), and Torricelli (D-NJ).

· National Pollution Prevention Week is September 15-21, 1997.

· 1997 Fall Workgroup Conference will be held November 12-14, 1997 at the Granlibakken Resort at Lake Tahoe, California. The nine workgroups are: Education, Training & Learning; Facility Planning & Measurement; Information & Technology Transfer, International, ISO 14000, Local Government; Regulatory Integration; Technology and Research and the newest group: Small Business.

· 1998 Spring Conference: Mark your calendars for April 28-May 1, 1998. The Conference location will be the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Cincinnati, Ohio.

NPPR is involved in the development and promotion of an International P2/CP Declaration that focuses on P2 and cleaner production (CP). The draft protocol advances four basic principles:

1. The increasing need to protect the environment and develop a comprehensive approach that focuses on source reduction.

2. The need for international cooperation and agreement to target pollution at its source.

3. The need for a holistic approach or multi-media effort to address environmental issues.

4. The need to dramatically increase resources committed to P2 and CP efforts.

NPPR has a combined mission with the U.S.-Asia Environmental Partnership to create eight Asian P2/CP organizations over the next two years in these countries: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand.

Upcoming international conferences are:

· Indonesian Pollution Prevention (through efficient production) Roundtable, late July, 1997 in Jakarta, Indonesia.

· The Third European Roundtable on Cleaner Production in Oslo, Norway, November 1-3, 1997.

· First Asia Pacific Regional Roundtable on Cleaner Production, November 12-14, 1997 in Bangkok, Thailand.



Rob Lawrence led the discussion for the combined federal program update and business meeting. Mr. Lawrence asked for input about why there were only 16 applications for the Environmental Justice/P2 grant this year, down from 93 two years ago. These reasons were given for not submitting an application this year:

· Match is still a major problem (Oklahoma).

· Didn't have a project that fit (Arkansas).

· Lack of coordination between the states and tribes (New Mexico).

After information was exchanged about federal grants, discussion focused on dilution versus integration of the P2 message and broadening the scope of Roundtable participation within the region. This led to an exchange of ideas about changing one of the two meetings per year to a conference format to encourage broader participation.

Dilution versus Integration

The coordinators were asked the question, "As P2 coordinators, is there a fear of being diluted--that the P2 message is being lost in all the other activities?" In Louisiana, it is difficult to keep the P2 message consistently defined within regulatory activities. For regulators, P2 is the same as pollution control; P2 is part of the verbiage in regulatory programs. In Oklahoma, this fear of dilution is not stopping them, but they still need more physical help from the agency. In Arkansas, there is legislation, but no management support. In Texas, there is a statute that requires 50 percent reduction.

Mr. Lawrence then asked the Roundtable: "There are 38 different voluntary programs at EPA and P2 is part of each of these, but is P2 the guiding principle for these programs? Patrick Devillier suggested a parallel with ISO 14000, which is being promulgated without including P2. There is confusion about what pollution prevention actually refers to. For example, according to Mr. Devillier, "Attorneys think they regulate P2. There are not a lot of people with a clear vision of what P2 is, and it gets diluted."

Ken Zarker asked if NEPPS included funding for P2 would it lead to greater integration? In response, Dianne Wilkins commented, "If you're in a state where you don't have support, you're out the door. You won't see a penny."

According to Mr. Lawrence, the EPA position is that if it's not put in the draft document, the EPA is not going to demand it. Mr. Zarker reiterated the importance of making sure that P2 people are involved in drafting NEPPS proposals. "If we're not "It's hard to get a place at the table if you don't know it's mealtime!" (Dianne Wilkins referring to P2 coordinators being out of the loop in the NEPPS process.)

effective in getting P2 in the present grant, it will be '99 before the next funding will be available." Mr. Lawrence added that as long as it's in the grant, the money is protected for use for P2.

"We may need to think a little more broadly. In Texas, I would be willing to take the risk of taking five FTEs and put them in the different programs. Or, where is it happening that all the different programs take one FTE and set aside to put in the P2 program?" added Mr. Zarker. He stressed the importance of being persistent about going to different program leaders, asking them to invest in having a P2 person in permitting, enforcement, etc.

Gerald Nehman summarized, "What I hear is that there is a tension between seeing that our programs are integrated but at the same time, keeping unity." Concerning the oil and gas regulatory program, Paul Whitehead said that his program is separate and the agency likes it that way. He's afraid that efforts to integrate P2 in the other programs would result in a lost P2 message.

The need for integrating P2 on EPA meeting agendas was discussed. At Mr. Zarker's request, Mr. Lawrence said he would propose the idea of having P2 as an agenda item at a future "Love In" meeting. Mr. Zarker stressed the impact of presenting program results to achieving P2 integration. Mr. Lawrence stressed the importance of having hard numbers about actual pollution prevented, not number of conferences and brochures produced. Mr. Zarker volunteered to provide hard numbers about P2 accomplishments for presentation at the EPA Regional Meeting to be held in September.

Broadening the Scope of the P2 Roundtable

Discussion then centered on ways of broadening interest and Roundtable participation within the region. Suggestions for achieving greater interest among oil and gas, agricultural agents and other state agencies were:

· Broaden the guidelines on who can be given funding for transportation.

· Look at the original grant workplan and 1) define where the Roundtable is going and 2) make "getting more people involved" a deliverable.

· Look back in the past when more ag. people were involved. Give some ag. people some responsibilities in future roundtables; give them more of a cameo focus at the roundtable.

· Design a process where the breakouts are defined, marketed, and people feel involved early on, with a call for papers.

"Capitalize on the issues that will bring people out. We had 1,000 people at a recent meeting about hog issues," advised Sarah Kimbal of OSU Cooperative Extension Service.

· Throw in a negative topic, then frame it to draw in responses.

· Do like the National Roundtable, have one workgroup meeting, then one larger conference.

· Use the website as a conference setup tool.

· Frame the call for presentations in strategic areas, like oil and gas, ag., within our present format (if conference idea not feasible.)

· Have the regular Roundtable workshop format in Austin, then have a conference in Dallas next Spring.

· Tie in poster sessions to breakout sessions. Have a call for poster sessions for particular topics then make these the groundwork for the conference.

· Have a day-and-a-half business meeting, then tie in a site visit to the conference.

· Hold a paper conference at a university.

· Hold the conference in a conference room at EPA headquarters.

Mr. Lawrence stressed that we do not want to reproduce successful conferences. He suggested the conference should include a training module for the Roundtable members (e.g., how to put on a green conference or environmental accounting to better equip P2 coordinators in working with industry).

The last item of business was a call from Rob Lawrence to each of the state coordinators to provide nominees to EPA for P2 and recycling excellence awards. Awards are given in media-specific categories each year in a ceremony involving the Regional Administrator and each of the five state governors. The nominations are due in June.

The Tulsa P2 Roundtable was then adjourned.




Frank Anderson

US EPA Region 6

2445 Ross Avenue (6PD-T)

Dallas TX 75202

Tel: 214/665-7592 Fax: 214/665-6762


Kyle Arthur

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317

E-mail: Kyle.Arthur@oklaosf.state.ok.us

Margaret Aycock

Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center

P O Box 10671

Beaumont TX 77710-2318

Tel: 409/880-8897 Fax: 409/880-1869

E-mail: Aycock@library.lamar.edu

Jack C. Boles, Jr.

Cooperative Extension Service University of Arkansas

P O Box 391

Little Rock AR 72003

Tel: 501/671-2281 Fax: 501/671-2185

E-mail: jboles@uaex.edu

David Bradshaw


P O Box 582808

Tulsa OK 74158

Tel: 918/832-2073 Fax: 918/832-2280

E-mail: hansel.d.bradshaw@boeing.con

Debby Brinkerhoff

Hazardous & Radioactive Materials Bureau

2044 Galisteo

Santa Fe NM 87502

Tel: 505/827-1862 Fax: 505/827-1544


Leo J. Bruning, Jr.

Industrial Pretreatment Section

City of Tulsa

4818 S. Elwood Avenue

Tulsa OK 74105

Tel: 918/591-4392 Fax: 918/591-4388


Joe Camperson

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317


Jeff Condray

City of Tulsa

4818 S. Elwood Avenue

Tulsa OK 784107

Tel: 918/591-4383 Fax: 918/591-4388


Patrick Devillier

Louisiana Dept. of Environmental Quality

P O Box 82263

Baton Rouge LA 70884-2263

Tel: 504/765-0736 Fax: 504/765-9742

E-mail: Patrick_d@deq.state.la.us

Dave Dillon

Customer Service Division

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317


Alford Drinkwater

Arkansas Industrial Development Commission

One Capitol Mall

Little Rock AR 72201

Tel: 501/682-7325 Fax: 501/682-2703

E-mail: adrinkwater@aidc.state.ar.us

Judy Duncan

Customer Service Division

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317

E-mail: Judy.Duncan@oklaosf.state.ok.us

Frank Durham

City of Tulsa

4818 S. Elwood Avenue

Tulsa OK 784107

Tel: 918/591-4393 Fax: 918/591-4388

E-mail: FrankD@WEBZONE.NET

Monty Elder

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317

E-mail: monty.elder@oklaosf.state.ok.us  

Larry Fiddler

Oklahoma Corporation Commission

2101 N Lincoln Blvd.

Oklahoma City OK 73152-2000

Tel: 405/521-2500 Fax: 405/522-0757


B. L. Fogerty

Department of Environmental Quality OWRB

3800 N. Classen

Oklahoma City OK 73118

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/530-8900

E-mail: Bfogerty@10.com

Marie Ford

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317


Lou Rene Garcia

University of Texas at Arlington

P O Box 19200

Arlington TX 76019

Tel: 817/272-2915 Fax: 817/272-2921

E-mail: lrgarcia@exchange.uta.edu 

Pat Gallagher

New Mexico Environment Department

P O Box 26110

Santa Fe NM 87502

Tel: 505/827-0677 Fax: 505/827-2836


Steve Houghton

Customer Service Division

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317


Mark Johnson

Lower Colorado River Authority

P O Box 220

Austin TX 78767-4066

Tel: 512/473-3200 x2868 Fax: 512/473-4066

E-mail: Mark.Johnson@LCRA.org

Sarah L. Kimball

Oklahoma State University

Agricultural Economics

502 Agricultural Hall

Stillwater OK 74078-6026

Tel: 405/744-9827 Fax: 405/744-8210

E-mail: kimball@okway.okstate.edu

Rob Lawrence

U S EPA, Region 6

1445 Ross Avenue (6EN-XP)

Dallas TX 75202

Tel: 214/665-2258 Fax: 214/665-7446

E-mail: Lawrence.Rob@epamail.epa.gov

Eli Martinez

U S EPA, Region 6

1445 Ross Avenue (6EN-XP)

Dallas TX 75202

Tel: 214/665-2119 Fax: 214/665-7446

E-mail: Martinez.Eli@epamail.epa.gov 

Gerald Nehman

University of Texas at Arlington EITT

P O Box 19050

Arlington TX 76019

Tel: 817/272-2300 Fax: 817272-5653

E-mail: nehman@uta.edu

Rhonda Pherigo

University of Texas at Arlington EITT

P O Box 19050

Arlington TX 76019

Tel: 817/272-2300 Fax: 817/272-5653

E-mail: pherigo@uta.edu

Michele Russo

National Pollution Prevention Roundtable

2000 P Street NW, Suite 708

Washington DC 20036

Tel: 202/466-P2P2 Fax: 202/466-7964

E-mail: MicheleRusso@compuserve.com

Robert Schoenecke

Oklahoma Dept. of Agriculture

2800 N Lincoln

Oklahoma City OK 73105

Tel: 405/521-3864 Fax: 405/522-4584


Adrian Simmons

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317

E-mail: Adrian.Simmons@oklaosf.state.ok.us

Leisa Smith

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317

E-mail: leisa.smith@oklaosf.state.ok.us

Conrad Soltero

Texas Manufacturing Assistance Center

University of Texas at El Paso

500 W. University, Burges Hall #400

El Paso TX 79968

Tel: 915/747-5930 Fax: 915/747-5437

E-mail: conrad@utep.edu 

Kenneth Tabor

City of Tulsa

4818 S. Elwood Avenue

Tulsa OK 74107

Tel: 918/591-4380 Fax: 918/591-4388


Mary Tillman


3003 N Perkins Road

Stillwater OK 74075

Tel: 405/743-5302 Fax: 405/743-5233


Kelly Trish

The University of Texas at Austin/LBJ School of Public Affairs

Box Y

Austin TX 78713-8925

Tel: 512/471-4962 Fax: 512/471-1835

E-mail: lpas246@uts.cc.utexas.edu 

Charles Urdy

Lower Colorado River Authority

P O Box 220

Austin TX 78767-4066

Tel: 512/473-3200 x 3265 Fax: 512/473-4066

E-mail: charles.urdy@lcra.org

Terri Waltman

Wilson Consulting Group

8908 S. Yale

Tulsa OK 74137

Tel: 918/491-9223 Fax: 918/491-9348

E-mail: Wilsncon@IONET.NET

Jeff Welsh

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317


Ron Whisenhunt

Crane Carrier Company

1925 North Sheridan

Tulsa OK 74158

Tel: 918/836-1651 Fax: 918/832-7348

E-mail: Wilsncon@IONET.NET 

Paul Whitehead

Railroad Commission of Texas

P O Box 12967

Austin TX 78711-2967

Tel: 512/475-4580 Fax: 512/463-6780

E-mail: paul.whitehead@rrc.state.tx.us

Dianne Wilkins

Department of Environmental Quality

1000 N E 10th Street

Oklahoma City OK 73117-1212

Tel: 405/271-1400 Fax: 405/271-1317

E-mail: Dianne.Wilkins@oklaosf.state.ok.us

Sonja Wilson

Wilson Consulting Group

8908 S. Yale

Tulsa OK 74137

Tel: 918/491-9223 Fax: 918/491-9348

E-mail: Wilsncon@IONET.NET

Ken Zarker

Texas Natural Resources Conservation Commission

P O Box 13087 (MC112)

Austin TX 78711-3087

Tel: 512/239-3145 Fax: 512/239-3165

E-mail: Kzarker@tnrcc.state.tx.us 




October 1, 1997 - September 30, 2002




    1.0 - Southwest P2 InfoSource Advisory Team
1.1 Establish a Southwest P2 InfoSource Advisory Team.  10/01/97 09/30/02
  1.2 Conduct strategic planning meetings every six months in conjunction with the Region 6 Pollution Prevention Roundtable.  10/01/97 09/30/02




1.3 Revise the strategic plan periodically to reflect new opportunities for P2 dissemination.  10/01/97 09/30/02
2.0 - P2 InfoSource Coordinator & Online Librarian 2.1 Develop a job description, recruit and hire a full-time regional P2 Information Coordinator. 10/01/97 03/31/98




2.2 Provide a communications network to keep Region VI P2 technical assistance providers and other interested persons of current activities, meetings, products, and tools. 10/01/97 09/30/02




2.3 .Coordinate with the Gulf Coast Environmental Library to provide an Internet reference librarian service.  10/01/97 09/30/02
3.0 Inventory and coordinate the distribution of P2 case studies, fact sheets, success stories, vendor information, and other information by Region 6 states/tribes. 3.1 Conduct an inventory of Region 6, national, state and regional P2 projects and expertise to identify pollution prevention sources of information. 04/01/98 10/31/98




3.2 Gather and disseminate information on new P2 technology. Identify data gaps in the region and prioritize for further development. 04/01/98 09/30/02




3.3.Compile P2 Case Studies for inclusion on the Internet site and data base engine. 10/01/97 09/30/02




3.4.Prepare compendiums of standard operating experiences for outreach programs (e.g., training, seminars, teleconferences). 04/01/98 12/31/98




3.5. Copy reports of searches and availability of new materials to all members 04/01/98 12/31/98




3.6 Continually keep web site updated including Region 6 material, and links to other systems 10/01/97 09/30/02




3.7 Compile a list of industry and education experts. Coordinate efforts with the national P2 Experts data base. 04/01/98 12/31/98




3.8 Maintain and organize a clearinghouse of regional publications.  04/01/98  09/30/02
4.0 - Partner with the national P2 network provider and other regional P2 information networks. 4.1 Create regional partnerships and points of contact with other assistance (SBDC, Department of Commerce, trade associations, MEPs, TAPs and DOD) and other clearinghouses. 10/01/97 09/30/02




4.2 Participate and coordinate with the National Pollution Prevention Information Network.  10/01/97 09/30/02
  4.3 Create P2 partnerships along the U.S. / Mexico border 10/01/97 09/30/02
5.0 Maintain a regional pollution prevention web site - RIPPS 5.1 Coordinate and develop case studies, written materials and fact sheets for inclusion on RIPPS. Support regional partners by converting existing case studies or provide links to existing partners web sites. Encourage a standardized case study formats. 10/01/97 09/30/02




5.2 Develop a list of services provided by the regional information site. Support a regional-based list server and contribute to the national VENDINFO, TECHINFO, and other standardized data base projects.  10/01/97 09/30/02




5.3 Market and promote the regional and national P2 Network by attending conferences, creating logos and promotional items. 10/01/97 09/30/99




5.4 Promote the Region VI Excellence in Pollution Prevention Recognition Program. 10/01/97 09/30/02




5.5 Translate pollution prevention case studies into Spanish, as appropriate, for inclusion on the regional web site 10/01/98 09/30/02
6.0 Coordinate regional P2 Technical Assistance Training 6.1 Coordinate regional training on a six month bases in cooperation with the Region VI P2 Roundtable.  10/01/97 09/30/02




6.2 Train assistance providers and end users (e.g., small business persons) on access to the information system. 10/01/97 09/30/02



Recommended P2 Case Study Format


Case Study Project Name



Location: City, State

Waste Reduced: Type of Waste Eliminated / Reduced

Process: Process

Contact Person: Contact Name, Phone, Fax, E-mail

Primary SIC: Primary Standard Industrial Classification Code 






Example Case Study

Texas Army National Guard